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Citing sources -- APA 6th Ed.

Articles from a database

Please note that these examples refer to articles retrieved from a database as opposed to the free Internet.  For examples of citing articles on the Internet, click on the Internet resources tab above.  Also, please note that the information presented under this tab concerns the electronic retrieval aspects of formulating a citation.  For guidance on correctly citing bibliographic information (such as author names, publication dates, journal titles, etc), please see the print articles tab above.


Scholarly Journal Article:

With DOI:

Morio, H., & Buchholz, C. (2008). How anonymous are you online? Examining online social behaviors from
     a cross-cultural perspective.  AI & Society, 23(2), 297-307. doi:10.1007/s00146-007-0143-0


Without DOI:

Jacobsen, W.C. & Forste, R. (2011). The wired generation: Academic and social outcomes of electronic
     media use among university studentsCyberPsychology, Behavior & Social Networking, 14(5).
     Retrieved from

  • The Digital Object Identifier (DOI) is preferred by the APA.  If no DOI is available, however, include the URL for the article from the publisher's website.  In general, you will be able to do this by searching Google by article title and journal title.  In the example above, the journal CyberPsychology, Behavior & Social Networking is published by Marry Ann Libert, Inc. Publishers.  The URL is from the publisher's website, and points to the journal's record for the individual article being cited.


Based upon the Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association, 6th edition, sections 6.31 and 7.01, and the APA Style Guide to Electronic References, page 3.

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