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Citing Sources -- MLA 8th Edition

MLA General Layout

[citation needed]

Sage Ross. (2009, Oct. 7). Jimmy Wales, [Citation Needed]. Retrieved from https://www.flickr.com/photos/ragesoss/3992184468/. Used under the Creative Commons License.

Formatting in the 8th Edition

In its previous iterations the MLA formatting style was dependent upon the type of publication. As to be more flexible and user friendly, the 8th edition of the MLA Handbook has shifted to a more standard format. The standard format for an MLA citation include the following core elements in this given order:

  1. Author.
    • last name, first name
    • For two authors, the second authors name is written in normal order (e.g. John A. Smith)
    • For three or more authors, use a comma and  "et al." after the first author
  2. Title of Source.
    • italics
  3. Title of Container.
  4. Other Contributors.
    • "illustrated by", "translated by", etc.
  5. Version, (for books) Volume, (for articles)
    • "Expanded ed."
    • "9th ed."
  6. Number,
    • "vol. 2"
    • "vol. 2, no.1"
    • "season 4, episode 3,"
  7. Publisher,
    •  Oxford UP
    • Penguin Press
  8. Publication Date.
    •  Unlike previous editions, n.d. is no longer used for works without a date in the MLA 8th Edition.
  9. Location.
    • page 3 = p. 3
    • page range 9 thru 15 = pp. 9-15

Online Sources

  1. DOI. (URL. if no DOI is available)
  2. Date Consulted. (optional)

Omit any missing elements data

Apply a hanging indent for citations that require multiple lines of text, as with the word "Quarterly" in this example:

Kimble, James J. "John F. Kennedy, the Construction of Peace, and the Pitfalls of Androgynous Rhetoric." Communication 
     Quarterly, vol.57, no. 2, Apr. 2009, pp. 154-170. doi:10.1080/01463370902881635.

 

The remaining pages of this LigGuide provide example of citations with respect to type of publication.  You can find the MLA Practice Template here.

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