Various disciplines have developed citation and writing style guides to address specific needs within their discipline. These publications are still only guides and the final approval of any writing style or citation list must come from whoever is directing your publication. For students, this would be your teacher. For professional publication, this would be the editor of the publication in which you are submitting your manuscript.
Modern Language Association (MLA) is usually used in the humanities, since the style is well-suited to literature and archival sources. This style uses brief in-text citations in conjunction with a list of expanded citation information. The latest publication is MLA Handbook for Writers of Research Papers 7th ed (2009).
Example of in-text citation: (Thomas 92)
The manuscript should include your name, the instructor's name, the course and the current date on separate lines in the top left corner of the first page. The manuscript title should be centered on the first page. A header on each page should include only your last name and automatic page numbering. See the style guide for more details.
American Psychological Association (APA) is commonly used in the social sciences, since the style is well-suited to quantitative studies and analysis. This style requires reference to the publication date in the in-text citation. The latest publication is Publication Manual of the American Psychological Association 6th ed. (2010).
Example of in-text citation: (Thomas, 2006, p. 92)
The manuscript should include a title page, abstract, main body, and references. A header on each page should include the text "Running head:" with a brief title of your paper as well as automatic page numbering for each page. For example, Running head: KNITTING AS A FEMINIST PROJECT. Consult the style manual for details.
Rules for a book:
If the work is not directly available online or must be purchased, use "Available from," and point readers to where they can find it.
Rules for a scholarly journal article:
OR if no author, begin with the article title ending with a period, followed by the copyright date.
Add if electronic*:
*If the article appears as a printed version as well, electronic information is not required.
**Do not end DOIs or URLs with any punctuation.
Rules for newspapers:
OR if no author, begin with the article title ending with a period and followed by the copyright date