This module covers formulating a well-built research question using the PICO method of asking questions in a clinical setting. PICO is a mnemonic that helps you remember what questions to ask in a clinical setting.
These resources have more information on PICO:
|Element of the clinical question||
Describe as accurately as possible the patient or group of patients of interest
Intervention (or cause, prognosis)
What is the main intervention or therapy you wish to consider?
Is there an alternative treatment to compare?
What is the clincial outcome, including a time horizon if relevant?
|Example||In patients with acute bronchitis,||do antibiotics||none||reduce sputum production, cough or days off.?|
|Example||In children with cancer||what are the current treatments||in the management of fever and infection?|
|Example||Among family-members of patients undergoing diagnostic procedures||does standard care,||listening to tranquil music, or audiotaped comedy routines||make a difference in the reduction of reported anxiety.|
|Example||In patients with type 2 diabetes and obesity,||is bariatric surgery more effective
||than standard medical therapy||at increasing the probability of remission of diabetes?|