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Evidence-based practice (EBP) is a way of approaching decision making about clinical issues. It is more than just the EBP research process outlined in the five A's presented on this guide. It is a means of making decisions
As presented in Straus, Glasziou, Richardson, and Haynes (2019, p. 1), EBP "requires the integration of the best research evidence with our clinical expertise and our patient's unique values and circumstances" (they go on to define research evidence, clinical expertise, and patient values and circumstances). The essential point is that evidence based practice is the confluence of these three elements as a means of promoting the most optimal outcome for the patient's health. Patient preferences, as they are called, sometimes change when clinicians explain the science as interpreted through their expertise - we call these informed patient preferences. This enables the best outcome to be achieved for that patient.
Over the past 30+ years, EBP, has become the predominant lens through which healthcare decisions are made in order to ensure the most optimal patient outcomes. Though it was first articulated by British Physician Archie Cochrane in 1972, it is a school of thought that has its origins in McMaster University in Hamilton, Ontario. Gordon Guyatt, a professor at McMaster, first presented the term "evidence-based medicine" in 1991, applying it to the instruction taught in a medical school program. In the ensuing years, the concept has expanded beyond its application to M.D. programs into other areas of the health sciences, thus producing the shift from the term "evidence-based medicine" to the term "evidence-based practice." (contemporary presentations of the term may or may not include the hyphen between "evidence" and "based"). It has also been adapted to other fields, resulting in field-specific conceptualizations such as "evidence-based psychology," or "evidence-based librarianship."
The EBP Research Portal's goals are to:
This Portal was created as a collaborative effort between the Wichita State University College of Health Professions and the University Libraries.
-- Cochrane, A. L. (1972). Effectiveness and efficiency: Random reflections on health services. London: Nuffield Provincial Hospitals Trust.
-- Guyatt, G. H. (1991). Evidence-based medicine. ACP Journal Club, 114(2), A16. doi:10.7326/ACPJC-1991-114-2-A16
-- Straus, S. E., Glasziou, P., Richardson, W. S., & Haynes, R. B. (2019). Evidence-based medicine: How to practice and teach EBM (5th ed.). Elsevier Health Sciences.
This page is divided into the overview page of the CHP Evidence Based Practice Portal you are currently viewing, pages dedicated to each of the five As of EBP, and a Writing, citing, and avoiding plagiarism page at the end of the guide. The full site map of this material is as follows:
There are a pair of resources linked from this page that merit explicit mention -- the faculty toolbox and the interprofessional education website. Both are linked in the box in the left-side column above.